Objectives: The objective of this article was to understand the physical activity, perception, and barriers of physical activity and their association with depression and quality of life among the community-dwelling elderly population.
Materials and methods: It was an observational study where male and female subjects above 60 years of age constitute the study population. The Source of data was from the Bahadarpur and Waghodia communities of Vadodara. Data were collected by using various questionnaires. Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), self-drafted questionnaire on perception and barriers of physical activity questionnaire for elderly, 5-Items geriatric depression scale and 12 items short form health survey.
Statistical analysis: Statistical analysis was done by using descriptive statistics. The non-parametric test chi-squared test was used to assess the linear relationship between various pairs of the variable. Spearman's correlation coefficient test was used for significant association among various variables.
Results: The total no. of participants in the study was 347. According to GPAQ, only 36% of the participants were physically active and 64% of the participants were physically inactive. There was a significant association found between GPAQ, GDS, Perception, and barrier of physical activity.
Conclusion: 86% of the total participant had a positive perception about physical activity in aging. However, 64% of participants were physically inactive and 36% were physically active based on WHO recommendation. The physically inactive group was more sedentary, depressed, had poor mental health, poor physical health, had more percentage of co-morbidities and barriers to physical activity.